Congested, runny nose and sneezing are symptoms of rhinitis. It is a common disease which can adversely impact your quality of life. Rhinitis is the irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose. Symptoms are a congested or runny nose, sneezing, and post-nasal drip.
A significant proportion of the population suffer from rhinitis and chronic nasal congestion. It makes breathing difficult and often leads to a reduced quality of life due to fatigue, resulting from loss of sleep. Chronic nasal congestion has different causes such as allergy, non-allergic reaction, infection and physical blockages of the nasal passages.
Diseases of the nasal mucosa are common in the general population
Rhinitis can be categorized into three types; infectious, allergic or non-allergic. The most common kind of rhinitis is allergic rhinitis, which is usually triggered by airborne allergens such as pollen. Non-allergic rhinitis refers to rhinitis that is not caused by an allergy. ¹‚²
Recent data suggest that mixed rhinitis (MR), where patients have both non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) and allergic rhinitis (AR), has a particularly high prevalence.³ Rhinitis may be acute (short-lived) or chronic (long-standing).
A doctor may diagnose rhinitis based on a person’s history of symptoms. More detailed information may be obtained from blood tests or skin testing.
Rhinitis is a common disease with limited treatment options. Conventional treatments offered for rhinitis include antihistamines, corticosteroids, surgical procedures, or a combination of these.
There are disadvantages of these treatments, such as the long-term use of decongestant nasal spray giving rise to chronic nasal congestion - the so-called Rhinitis medicamentosa.
Most surgical techniques have associated side effects such as nasal dryness and pain, and in the long term they do not guarantee that your NAR symptoms will not return.
Non-Allergic Rhinitis (NAR) is a common disease which impacts your quality of life. If left untreated, NAR can have a significant impact on your health and can be associated with other health issues such as asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Patients with chronic nasal congestion have an increased risk of experiencing daytime fatigue.
¹Ehnhage, A, Sahlstrand Johnsson P, et al Treatment of idiopathic rhinitis with kinetic oscillations – a multi- centre randomized controlled study. ACTA OTO-LARYNGOLOGICA, 2016.
²Bernstein, J.A., Nonallergic rhinitis: therapeutic options. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol, 2013. 13(4): p. 410-6.
³Smith P, Price D, Harvey R, Carney, A, Kritikos V. Medication-related costs of rhinitis in Australia: a Nostra Data cross- sectional study of pharmacy purchases; Journal of Asthma and Allergy, 2017:10 153-161.